If you would have asked a Medieval scholar where history had begun, he would have said something like “Why? In the Garden of Eden of course. Somewhere in the East. After that, the ancients lived on the plain of Sinjar. There was some confusion of languages, so the various nations migrated to the other parts of the world. Take Abraham, who went from Ur to Harran to the land of Israël. The book of Genesis clearly says so.”
The author of Genesis was not the only one to believe that history started in what is now Iraq. The Assyrians, Babylonians, Elamites, Akkadians, and Sumerians believed it as well. At the dawn of history, shortly after the gods had created humankind, the Seven Sages had come from the sea, and had explained to the first humans how to cultivate the land, build cities, establish justice, serve the gods, rule as kings.