The river Scamander is the place of one of the most famous scenes of Homer‘s Iliad: Achilles fighting against the river god himself. It’s an impressive story, but already in Antiquity, it was ridiculed: the river might have been a deity, but wasn’t it a bit strange that he could speak beneath his flood (Dio Chrysostom, Oration 4, 85)?
The Scamander was best known from the age of the legendary heroes, but is also mentioned in more reliable sources. For example, Herodotus tells us that its waters were insufficient to supply the army of the Persian king Xerxes, who invaded Greece in 480 BCE (Histories, 7.43). A new web page is now here.