- To an Uneducated Ruler / Πρὸς ἡγεμόνα ἀπαίδευτον
- On Monarchy, Democracy, and Oligarchy / Περὶ μοναρχίας καὶ δημοκρατίας καὶ ὀλιγαρχίας
Both texts are fragments of larger discourses. The ideas are not very original, which the ancients almost expect from texts on this subject. The constitutional debates in Herodotus (Histories, 3.82), Cassius Dio (Roman History, 52), Josephus (Jewish Antiquities, 19), and Philostratus (Life of Apollonius, 5.31ff) are surprisingly similar. Plutarch’s ideas are another branch of this tree.