Mount Etna is probably the most active volcano in Europe; it certainly is the volcano with the longest recorded history. Greek and Latin authors refer to no less than twelve eruptions.
When you visit the dark and inhospitable landscape, it is easy to imagine that in Antiquity, it was believed that the fire-breathing Enceladus was buried alive on Sicily; when he moved, earthquakes were the result. The god Hephaestion (or Vulcan) had his forge inside Mount Etna, and the Cyclopes were believed to have lived in caves. Because of its height, Mount Etna was also believed to have been a place where people had gathered during the Great Flood, and survived.