A place called Nysa is mentioned by Homer, and when he recited his poem, everybody knew where it was. Later generations, however, did not, and there were all kinds of speculations: it might have been a town in Boeotia, or a peak in the Caucasus, or a place in Libya. None of this was really convincing. When Alexander the Great visited the Punjab, he saw the mountain that was known to the Indians as the world mountain and visited a town called Nysa, and he immediately concluded that he had found the legendary place where the great god Dionysus had been born.


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