11 April 2009
Gate of the castle
In the first quarter of the third century CE, the Sasanian dynasty overthrew the Parthian Arsacids, who had until then been ruling an empire that consisted of what is now Iran, Iraq, and parts of Afghanistan. The first Sasanian king, Ardašir, celebrated his victory with a splendid relief near his castle. Soon, a second relief was added, which commemorated his capture of the Parthian Empire, Ctesiphon.
South of these monuments, the conqueror founded a large, circular city, which he called Ardašir Khureh, “fame of Ardašir” (satellite photo; map). His palace is one of the most delightful monuments in Iran, certainly worth a day trip from Shiraz. (Make sure you have good shoes when you decide to climb to the castle.)
5 December 2008
The river Eurymedon
As I already announced, I am moving several pages of my website to facilitate a transfer to a Content Management System. Today, I transferred seven articles from their original sites and gave them new URLs:
- Carmo: a provincial town in ancient Spain;
- The Cilician Gate: one of the main roads through the Taurus mountains, of great strategic importance;
- Eurymedon: the site where the Athenian commander Cimon twice defeated the Persians;
- Istakhr: an ancient Sasanian residence, of which very little remains;
- Cape Mycale: the site where the Greek navy defeated the Persian navy;
- Pactolus: a little river with gold dust;
- Taurus: a mountain range in southern Turkey.
Still 213 pages to go…